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Project 1123 "Condor"

300px-Project_1123_Condor2.jpg

Summary
Type

Antisubmarine cruiser/helicopter carrier

Flag state USSR
Accessory Soviet Navy
Shipyard Black Sea Shipyard
The current status of In service
Options
Displacement

17 500 tons of the total

14 950 tons of normal

12 750 tons of standard

Length 176.0 m at the waterline

189.0 m maximum

Width

34.0 m maximum

Height Amidships 17.1 m
Draft Average (from OP)

in the normal displacement of 7.5 m at full displacement 7.7 m

Booking None
Technical data
Power plant

Steam turbine-shaft

2 GTZA TV-12-1

4 boilers KVN 98/64

Power

Steam turbine: 2 × 45 000 hp

turbo: 2 × 1500 kW

Diesel Generators: 2 × 1500 kW

Screws 2, with three
Rate 24 knots full speed

28.5 knots maximum stroke

Cruising Range 9000 miles at 15 knots

6,000 miles at a speed of 18 knots 3900 miles at a speed of 29 knots

Endurance

15 days

Crew

700 people, including:

130 officers

160 petty

410 sailors

Armament
Electronic equipment ASG "Orion"

CEO "Vega" CEO "Host"

Armament 2 × 2 AK-725
Antisubmarine armament

1 × 2 RPK-1 "Whirlwind" (8 missiles)

2 × 12 RBU-6000 (240 bombs)

Anti-aircraft Missiles 2 × 2 SAM M-11 "Storm" (96 missiles)
Torpedo-mine equipment 2 × 5 PTA-53-1123 (later removed)
Air group 14 helicopters:

12 × Kamov Ka-25PL

1 × Kamov Ka-25TSU

1 × Kamov Ka-25PS

The Moskva class helicopter carrier or Project 1123 Condor (Russian: Крейсера проекта 1123) helicopter carriers were the first operational Soviet Navy helicopter carriers. The Soviet designation is Project 1123 Condor.

These ships were laid down at Nikolayev South (Shipyard No.444). The lead vessel was launched in 1965 and named Soviet helicopter carrier Moskva; she entered commission two years later. Moskva was followed by Soviet helicopter carrier Leningrad, which was commissioned in late 1968; there were no further vessels built, reportedly due to the poor handling of the ships in rough seas. 

The Moskvas were not true "aircraft carriers" in that they did not carry any fixed-wing aircraft; the air wing was composed entirely of helicopters. They were designed primarily as anti-submarine warfare (ASW) vessels, and her weapons and sensor suite was optimized against the nuclear submarine threat. Their strategic role was to defend the Soviet ballistic missile submarine bastions against incursions by Western attack submarines, forming the flagships of an ASW task force.

DesignEdit

The operational requirement was issued by Admiral Sergey Gorshkov in 1959. The aim of the ships was to counter North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Polaris submarines and act as a flagship for anti-submarine warfare. Initially it was hoped to operate 10 helicopters from an 8000 ton ship. The design evolved into a larger vessel capable of operating up to 14 helicopters with self defence armament.

ArmamentEdit

Shipboard ASW armament included a twin SUW-N-1 launcher capable of delivering a FRAS-1 projectile carrying a 450 mm torpedo (or a 5 kiloton nuclear warhead); a pair of RBU-6000 ASW mortars; and a set of torpedo tubes. For self-defence, the Moskvas had two twin SA-N-3 SAM launchers with reloads for a total of 48 surface-to-air missiles, along with two twin 57 mm/80 guns.

SensorsEdit

RadarEdit

  • Top Sail (air warning)
  • Head Net
  • 2 x Head Light (SAM guidance)
  • 2 x Muff Comb (gun fire control)
  • 2 x Don 2 (navigation)

SonarEdit

  • Moose Jaw (low frequency bow mounted)
  • Mare Tail VDS

PropulsionEdit

Gas turbines were considered but were as yet untried in such a large vessel. Instead a high pressure steam plant similar to that used by the Kynda class cruisers was used. The machinery of the Moskva had severe problems and had to be rebuilt in 1973 following a fire. Operational performance was disappointing with a practical maximum speed of 30 knots and 24 knot maximum sustainable speed. Sea keeping was also disappointing.

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